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What global biogeochemical consequences will marine animal-sediment interactions have during climate change?
Bianchi, T.S.; Aller, R.C.; Atwood, T.B.; Brown, C.J.; Buatois, L.A.; Levin, L.A.; Levinton, J.S.; Middelburg, J.J.; Morrison, E.S.; Regnier, P.; Shields, M.R.; Snelgrove, P.V.R.; Sotka, E.E.; Stanley, R.R.E. (2021). What global biogeochemical consequences will marine animal-sediment interactions have during climate change? Elem. Sci. Anth. 9(1): 25. https://dx.doi.org/10.1525/elementa.2020.00180
In: Elementa Science of the Anthropocene. BioOne: Washington. ISSN 2325-1026, meer
Peer reviewed article  

Beschikbaar in  Auteurs 

Trefwoord
    Marien/Kust
Author keywords
    Marine benthos; Carbon cycling; Climate change

Auteurs  Top 
  • Bianchi, T.S.
  • Aller, R.C.
  • Atwood, T.B.
  • Brown, C.J.
  • Buatois, L.A.
  • Levin, L.A.
  • Levinton, J.S.
  • Middelburg, J.J., meer
  • Morrison, E.S.
  • Regnier, P., meer
  • Shields, M.R.
  • Snelgrove, P.V.R.
  • Sotka, E.E.
  • Stanley, R.R.E.

Abstract
    Benthic animals profoundly influence the cycling and storage of carbon and other elements in marine systems, particularly in coastal sediments. Recent climate change has altered the distribution and abundance of many seafloor taxa and modified the vertical exchange of materials between ocean and sediment layers. Here, we examine how climate change could alter animal-mediated biogeochemical cycling in ocean sediments. The fossil record shows repeated major responses from the benthos during mass extinctions and global carbon perturbations, including reduced diversity, dominance of simple trace fossils, decreased burrow size and bioturbation intensity, and nonrandom extinction of trophic groups. The broad dispersal capacity of many extant benthic species facilitates poleward shifts corresponding to their environmental niche as overlying water warms. Evidence suggests that locally persistent populations will likely respond to environmental shifts through either failure to respond or genetic adaptation rather than via phenotypic plasticity. Regional and global ocean models insufficiently integrate changes in benthic biological activity and their feedbacks on sedimentary biogeochemical processes. The emergence of bioturbation, ventilation, and seafloor-habitat maps and progress in our mechanistic understanding of organism–sediment interactions enable incorporation of potential effects of climate change on benthic macrofaunal mediation of elemental cycles into regional and global ocean biogeochemical models.

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