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Revisiting the systematics of the genera Grateloupia, Phyllymenia, and Prionitis (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta) with a description of a new species-Prionitis taiwani-borealis
Rodríguez-Prieto, C.; De Clerck, O.; Guiry, M.D.; Lin, S.-M. (2022). Revisiting the systematics of the genera Grateloupia, Phyllymenia, and Prionitis (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta) with a description of a new species-Prionitis taiwani-borealis. J. Phycol. 58(2): 234-250. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpy.13226
In: Journal of Phycology. Blackwell Science: New York. ISSN 0022-3646; e-ISSN 1529-8817, meer
Peer reviewed article  

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Trefwoorden
    Grateloupia; Phyllymenia J.Agardh, 1848 [WoRMS]
    Marien/Kust
Author keywords
    auxiliary cell ampullae; Phyllymenia gibbesii comb; nov; Phyllymenia huangiae comb; nov; Phyllymenia taiwanensis comb; nov; Prionitis taiwani-borealis sp; nov; systematics

Auteurs  Top 
  • Rodríguez-Prieto, C.
  • De Clerck, O., meer
  • Guiry, M.D., meer
  • Lin, S.-M.

Abstract
    The taxonomy of the genera Grateloupia, Phyllymenia, and Prionitis has been revised several times but remains controversial. The anatomy of female reproductive structures in combination with phylogenetic reconstructions is mostly used to define the genera. However, the architecture and behavior of the auxiliary cell ampullae before and after diploidization are not well documented for most species. To fill this knowledge gap, we examined the female reproductive structures of a new species (Prionitis taiwani-borealis sp. nov.) from Taiwan and compared our observations to the species currently placed in the Phyllymenia/Prionitis complex. The female reproductive structures of the Phyllymenia/Prionitis complex are characterized by (1) 2-celled carpogonial branches with the supporting cell being the basal cell of a third-order ampullar filament; (2) auxiliary cell ampullae composed of three orders of unbranched ampullar filaments before diploidization; (3) cells of auxiliary cell ampullar filaments forming a cellular cluster after diploidization and surrounding the developing gonimoblasts; (4) gonimoblast initials produced from the diploidized auxiliary cells before fusing with them; and (5) branched auxiliary cell ampullar and secondary medullary filaments involved in early pericarp formation. A monophyletic relationship of species possessing female structures similar to those of Pr. taiwani-borealis and related species was highly supported based on combined rbcL and LSU rDNA sequence analyses. The female reproductive structures of other species of Grateloupia sensu lato, phylogenetically closely related to the Prionitis and Phyllymenia assemblage, require reinvestigation as correct interpretations of pre- and post-fertilization events have proven to be informative for resolving the systematics of the Halymeniaceae.

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