NARMS taxon details

Cypraeinae Rafinesque, 1815

411671  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:411671)

accepted
Subfamily
Genus Cypraea Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Cypraea achatidea J. E. Gray, 1837 accepted as Schilderia achatidea (J. E. Gray, 1837) (original combination)
    » Subspecies Cypraea achatidea inopinata (Schilder, 1930) accepted as Schilderia achatidea (J. E. Gray, 1837) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea achatidea var. auricoma Crosse, 1897 accepted as Schilderia achatidea (J. E. Gray, 1837) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea achatidea var. bifasciata Hidalgo, 1906 accepted as Schilderia achatidea (J. E. Gray, 1837) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea achatidea var. efasciata Pallary, 1900 accepted as Schilderia achatidea achatidea (J. E. Gray, 1837)
    » Variety Cypraea achatidea var. elongata Pallary, 1900 accepted as Schilderia achatidea (J. E. Gray, 1837) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea achatidea var. globosa Pallary, 1900 accepted as Schilderia achatidea (J. E. Gray, 1837) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea achatidea var. lineata Pallary, 1900 accepted as Schilderia achatidea (J. E. Gray, 1837) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea achatidea var. major Pallary, 1900 accepted as Schilderia achatidea (J. E. Gray, 1837) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea achatidea var. minor Pallary, 1900 accepted as Schilderia achatidea (J. E. Gray, 1837) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea achatidea var. nana Crosse, 1897 accepted as Schilderia achatidea (J. E. Gray, 1837) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea achatidea var. oranica Crosse, 1897 accepted as Schilderia achatidea (J. E. Gray, 1837) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea achatidea var. physoides Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Schilderia achatidea achatidea (J. E. Gray, 1837)
    » Variety Cypraea achatidea var. punctata Pallary, 1900 accepted as Schilderia achatidea (J. E. Gray, 1837) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea achatidea var. quadrifasciata Hidalgo, 1906 accepted as Schilderia achatidea (J. E. Gray, 1837) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea achatidea var. trifasciata Hidalgo, 1906 accepted as Schilderia achatidea (J. E. Gray, 1837) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea amethistina Costa O.G., 1830 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea arctica Pulteney, 1799 accepted as Trivia arctica (Pulteney, 1799) (original combination)
  » Species Cypraea arenosa Dillwyn, 1823 accepted as Erosaria turdus (Lamarck, 1810) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea aurora Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea bifasciata Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea bullata Montagu, 1803 accepted as Trivia arctica (Pulteney, 1799)
  » Species Cypraea candidula Gaskoin, 1836 accepted as Trivia candidula (Gaskoin, 1836)
  » Species Cypraea cinnamomaea Olivi, 1792 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea coccinella Lamarck, 1810 accepted as Trivia monacha (da Costa, 1778)
  » Species Cypraea crebricostata G. B. Sowerby II, 1870 accepted as Trivia multilirata (G. B. Sowerby II, 1870) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea elliptica Gray, 1825 accepted as Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea europaea Montagu, 1808 accepted as Trivia monacha (da Costa, 1778)
  » Species Cypraea facifer (Iredale, 1935) accepted as Erosaria turdus (Lamarck, 1810) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea fimbriata Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Purpuradusta fimbriata (Gmelin, 1791) (original combination)
  » Species Cypraea foedata Sulliotti, 1911 accepted as Erosaria turdus (Lamarck, 1810) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea fulva Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea gracilis Gaskoin, 1849 accepted as Purpuradusta gracilis (Gaskoin, 1849) (original combination)
  » Species Cypraea grayi Kiener, 1844 accepted as Schilderia achatidea achatidea (J. E. Gray, 1837)
  » Species Cypraea guttata Risso, 1826 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea hamyi Rochebrune, 1886 accepted as Erosaria turdus (Lamarck, 1810) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea insularum Schilder, 1928 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea interpunctata Henn, 1896 accepted as Purpuradusta gracilis notata (Gill, 1858) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea irescens G. B. Sowerby II, 1870 accepted as Purpuradusta gracilis notata (Gill, 1858) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea kunthii Audouin, 1826 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea lentiginosa J.E. Gray, 1825 accepted as Palmadusta lentiginosa (J.E. Gray, 1825)
  » Species Cypraea leucogaster Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea lunata Fischer von Waldheim, 1807 accepted as Naria spurca spurca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea lurida Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (original combination)
    » Subspecies Cypraea lurida congiunta Settepassi, 1977 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (not available, published in a work which does not consistently use binominal nomenclature (ICZN art. 11.4))
    » Subspecies Cypraea lurida elongata Settepassi, 1977 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (not available, published in a work which does not consistently use binominal nomenclature (ICZN art. 11.4))
    » Subspecies Cypraea lurida immaculata Settepassi, 1977 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (not available, published in a work which does not consistently use binominal nomenclature (ICZN art. 11.4))
    » Subspecies Cypraea lurida oceanica Schilder, 1930 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea lurida var. albida Costa O.G., 1829 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea lurida var. brunnea Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea lurida var. caerulescens Mollerat, 1890 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea lurida var. cinerea Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea lurida var. concolor Kobelt, 1906 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea lurida var. curta Mollerat, 1890 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea lurida var. cylindrica Mollerat, 1890 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea lurida var. fasciata Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea lurida var. fulva Mollerat, 1890 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea lurida var. major Pallary, 1900 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea lurida var. maxima Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea lurida var. media Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea lurida var. minima Dunker, 1853 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea lurida var. monochroa Mollerat, 1890 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea lurida var. monstrosa Gray J.E., 1828 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea lurida var. nebulosa Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea lurida var. normalis Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea lurida var. pubescens Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea lurida var. rufescens Costa O.G., 1829 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea lurida var. rufofulva Kobelt, 1906 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea lurida var. turdicula Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea lurida var. ventricosa Mollerat, 1890 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea lurida var. virescens Costa O.G., 1829 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea lurida var. zonata Mollerat, 1890 accepted as Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea macula Angas, 1867 accepted as Purpuradusta gracilis macula (Angas, 1867) (original combination)
  » Species Cypraea maculata Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea mediterranea Risso, 1826 accepted as Trivia mediterranea (Risso, 1826)
  » Species Cypraea minima Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea monacha da Costa, 1778 accepted as Trivia monacha (da Costa, 1778) (original combination)
  » Species Cypraea multilirata G. B. Sowerby II, 1870 accepted as Trivia multilirata (G. B. Sowerby II, 1870)
  » Species Cypraea nivea Gray J.E., 1824 accepted as Erosaria turdus (Lamarck, 1810) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea norvegica Sars M., 1835 accepted as Trivia arctica (Pulteney, 1799) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea notata Gill, 1858 accepted as Purpuradusta gracilis notata (Gill, 1858)
  » Species Cypraea ovata Perry, 1811 accepted as Erosaria turdus (Lamarck, 1810) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea pardalina Dunker, 1852 accepted as Erosaria turdus pardalina (Dunker, 1852)
  » Species Cypraea petitiana Crosse, 1872 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (dubious synonym)
  » Species Cypraea phyllidis Shaw, 1915 accepted as Erosaria turdus (Lamarck, 1810) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea piriformis Roberts in Tryon, 1885 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea porcellus Brocchi, 1814 † accepted as Zonaria porcellus (Brocchi, 1814) † (original combination)
  » Species Cypraea pulex Gray J.E., 1827 accepted as Trivia mediterranea (Risso, 1826) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea pyriformis G. B. Sowerby II, 1870 accepted as Naria turdus (Lamarck, 1810) (junior synonym)
  » Species Cypraea pyrum Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (original combination)
    » Subspecies Cypraea pyrum insularum Schilder, 1928 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Subspecies Cypraea pyrum senegalensis Schilder, 1928 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea pyrum var. aurantia (Coen, 1949) accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea pyrum var. compressa (Coen, 1949) accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea pyrum var. confusa (Coen, 1949) accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea pyrum var. cruenta (Coen, 1949) accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea pyrum var. elongata (Coen, 1949) accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea pyrum var. fusca Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea pyrum var. grandis Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea pyrum var. hepatica Coen, 1933 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea pyrum var. lacticolor Pallary, 1906 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea pyrum var. minima Dunker, 1803 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea pyrum var. minor Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea pyrum var. nivosa (Coen, 1949) accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea pyrum var. normalis Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea pyrum var. pallida Pallary, 1900 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea pyrum var. physoides Coen, 1933 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea pyrum var. piperitoides (Coen, 1949) accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea pyrum var. trifasciata Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea pyrum var. typica Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea pyrum var. undata Pallary, 1904 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea raripunctata Sulliotti, 1911 accepted as Erosaria turdus (Lamarck, 1810) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea rufa Lamarck, 1810 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea siciliana Salis Marschlins, 1793 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea spurca Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Naria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758) (original combination)
    » Subspecies Cypraea spurca globosa Settepassi, 1977 accepted as Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758) (not available, published in a work which does not consistently use binominal nomenclature (ICZN art. 11.4))
    » Variety Cypraea spurca var. albida Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea spurca var. atlantica Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea spurca var. dilatata Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea spurca var. elongata Dautzenberg & Fischer H., 1906 accepted as Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea spurca var. flavida Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea spurca var. inaequipartita Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea spurca var. inflata (Coen, 1949) accepted as Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea spurca var. inversa Pallary, 1900 accepted as Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea spurca var. limitaris Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea spurca var. limpida Sulliotti, 1922 accepted as Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea spurca var. luridoidea Pallary, 1900 accepted as Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea spurca var. major Pallary, 1900 accepted as Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea spurca var. minor Pallary, 1900 accepted as Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea spurca var. nitidiuscula (Coen, 1949) accepted as Naria acicularis (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea spurca var. normalis Monterosato, 1897 accepted as Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea spurca var. pantherina Pallary, 1919 accepted as Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea spurca var. peculiaris (Coen, 1949) accepted as Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Variety Cypraea spurca var. punctatissima Settepassi, 1977 accepted as Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758) (not available, published in a work which does not consistently use binominal nomenclature (ICZN art. 11.4))
    » Variety Cypraea spurca var. viridula Sulliotti, 1924 accepted as Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea turdus Lamarck, 1810 accepted as Naria turdus (Lamarck, 1810) (original combination)
  » Species Cypraea variolosa Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea verdensia Melvill, 1888 accepted as Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Cypraea voluta Montagu, 1803 accepted as Erato voluta (Montagu, 1803)
  » Species Cypraea zanzibarica Sulliotti, 1911 accepted as Erosaria turdus zanzibarica (Sullioti, 1911)
marine
Not documented
MolluscaBase eds. (2021). MolluscaBase. Cypraeinae Rafinesque, 1815. Accessed through: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvanitidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2021) European Register of Marine Species at: http://marbef.org/data../aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=411671 on 2021-05-07
Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvanitidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2021). European Register of Marine Species. Cypraeinae Rafinesque, 1815. Accessed at: https://vliz.be/vmdcdata/narms/narms.php?p=taxdetails&id=411671 on 2021-05-07
Date
action
by
2009-08-13 07:23:33Z
created
db_admin
2016-02-14 20:23:21Z
changed
2018-01-02 21:59:50Z
changed

basis of record Bouchet, P. & Rocroi, J.-P. (2005). Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. <em>Malacologia.</em> 47 (1-2): 1-397. [20 July]., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/25127200 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available