NARMS taxon details

Polycystididae Graff, 1905

142099  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:142099)

accepted
Family
Subfamily Gyratricinae Graff, 1905
  » Genus Gallorhynchus Schockaert & Brunet, 1971
  » Genus Gyratrix Ehrenberg, 1831
    » Species Gyratrix hermaphroditus Ehrenberg, 1831
    » Species Gyratrix proavus Meixner, 1929
    » Species Gyratrix albus Silliman, 1884 accepted as Gyratrix hermaphroditus Ehrenberg, 1831
    » Species Gyratrix arenarius Evdonin, 1971 accepted as Gyratrix hermaphroditus Ehrenberg, 1831
    » Species Gyratrix attemsi Graff, 1913 accepted as Gyratricella attemsi (Graff, 1913) Karling, 1955
    » Species Gyratrix notops accepted as Gyratrix hermaphroditus Ehrenberg, 1831 (This combination is wrongly mentioned by Artois (2001) in the list of synonyms of Gyratrix hermaphroditus. It is the only literature source where it occurs. Hallez (1900) uses Gyrator notops, not Gyratrix notops. )
Subfamily Phonorhynchoidinae Tessens, Janssen & Artois, 2014
Subfamily Polycystididae incertae sedis
Subfamily Polycystidinae Schockaert & Karling, 1970
  » Genus Acrorhynchides Strand, 1928
    » Species Acrorhynchides caledonicus (Claperede, 1861) Strand, 1928
    » Species Acrorhynchides robustus (Karling, 1931) Strand, 1928
    » Species Acrorhynchides styliferus Schockaert & Karling, 1975
    » Species Acrorhynchides stylifera Schockaert & Karling, 1975 accepted as Acrorhynchides styliferus Schockaert & Karling, 1975 (Wrong emendation of gender by Faubel & Noreña (2001))
    » Species Acrorhynchides bivittatus (Uljanin, 1870) Strand, 1928 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
    » Species Acrorhynchides graciosus (Uljanin, 1870) Strand, 1928 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
    » Species Acrorhynchides reprobatus (Pereyaslawsewa, 1892) Strand, 1928 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
    » Species Acrorhynchides spiralis (Pereyaslawzewa, 1892) Strand, 1928 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum, Pereyeslawzewa (1892) described the species from one specimen only, which was quickly damaged. The figure (reproduced by Graff, 1913) possibly allows a positive identification in case the species is found again. )
  » Genus Antiboreorhynchus Karling, 1952
  » Genus Austrorhynchus Karling, 1952
  » Genus Cincturorhynchus Evdonin, 1970
  » Genus Duplacrorhynchus Schockaert & Karling, 1970
  » Genus Graffiellus Hornung, 2016
  » Genus Opisthocystis Sekera, 1911
  » Genus Parachrorhynchus Karling, 1956
  » Genus Paulodora Marcus, 1948
  » Genus Phonorhynchus Graff, 1905
  » Genus Polycystis Kölliker, 1845
    » Species Polycystis naegelii Kölliker, 1845
    » Subgenus Polycystis (Acrorhynchus) accepted as Acrorhynchides Strand, 1928
    » Subgenus Polycystis (Opisthocystis) accepted as Opisthocystis Sekera, 1911 (Karling (1963) mentions Opisthocystis as a subgenus of Polycystis, followed by Artois (2001). However, Sekera (1911) never described it as a subgenus, so the mentioning by Karling (1963) and Artois (2001) as a subgenus is erroneous.)
      » Species Polycystis (Opisthocystis) goettei accepted as Opisthocystis goettei (Bresslau, 1906) Sekera, 1911 ((Karling (1963) mentions Opisthocystis as a subgenus of Polycystis, followed by Artois (2001). However, Sekera (1911) never described it as a subgenus, so the mentioning by Karling (1963) and Artois (2001) as a subgenus is erroneous.))
    » Species Polycystis contorta Schockaert & Karling, 1975 accepted as Paulodora contorta (Schockaert & Karling, 1975) Artois & Schockaert, 1998
    » Species Polycystis crocea (Fabricius, 1826) Graff, 1905 accepted as Graffiellus croceus (Fabricius, 1826) Hornung, 2016
    » Species Polycystis dolichocephala (Pereyaslawzewa, 1892) Karling, 1956 accepted as Paulodora dolichocephala (Pereyaslawzewa, 1892) Artois & Schockaert, 1998
    » Species Polycystis goettei Bresslau, 1906 accepted as Opisthocystis goettei (Bresslau, 1906) Sekera, 1911
    » Species Polycystis groenlandica (Levinsen, 1879) Graff, 1913 accepted as Graffiellus groenlandicus (Levinsen, 1879) Hornung, 2016
    » Species Polycystis ichthyoblabe Kützing, 1845-49 accepted as Microcystis ichthyoblabe (G.Kunze) Kützing, 1843 (Synonym)
    » Species Polycystis mamertina (Graff, 1874) Graff, 1905 accepted as Progyrator mamertinus (Graff, 1874) Reisinger, 1926
    » Species Polycystis minuta (Uljanin, 1870) Graff, 1905 accepted as Rogneda minuta Uljanin, 1870
    » Species Polycystis naegellii accepted as Polycystis naegelii Kölliker, 1845 (literature misspelling of naegelii)
    » Species Polycystis reticulata (Sekera, 1901) Micoletzky, 1910 accepted as Progyrator mamertinus (Graff, 1874) Reisinger, 1926
    » Species Polycystis riedli Karling, 1956 accepted as Paulodora riedli (Karling, 1956) Artois & Schockaert, 1998 (Synonym)
    » Species Polycystis roosevelti Graff, 1911 accepted as Opisthocystis goettei (Bresslau, 1906) Sekera, 1911
    » Species Polycystis scripta P.Richter, 1886 accepted as Microcystis scripta (P.Richter) Lemmermann, 1903 (Basionym)
    » Species Polycystis steueri Steinböck, 1933 accepted as Rogneda steueri (Steinböck, 1933) Karling, 1953
    » Species Polycystis tripalmata Beklemischev, 1927 accepted as Rogneda tripalmata (Beklemischev, 1927) Karling, 1953
    » Species Polycystis georgii Graff, 1905 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum, Only known from the original description, which is difficult to interprete. According to Meixner (1925, p. 335) it is a certain species, but needs further study.)
    » Species Polycystis immundus (Schmidt, 1857) Graff, 1905 (uncertain > nomen dubium, Described by Schmidt (1857) on one specimen only. Description does not allow identification. Hence the name should best be considered nomen oblitum.)
    » Species Polycystis intubata Graff, 1905 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum, Only stylet known, which resembles that of some species of Paulodora. According to Meixner (1925, p. 335) it is a certain species, but needs further study, an opinion followed by Schokcaret (1973) and Artois (2001))
    » Species Polycystis leucophraeus (Fabricius, 1826) Graff, 1905 (uncertain > nomen dubium, Fabricius' (1823) description is the only existing one. It does not allow further identification, hence the name is best to be considered nomen oblitum.)
    » Species Polycystis papillatus (Mereschkowsky, 1878) Graff, 1905 (uncertain > nomen dubium, To few details on morphology provided by Mereschkowsky to identify the specimen. Would best be considered nomen oblitum.)
  » Genus Progyrator Sekera, 1901
  » Genus Rogneda Uljanin, 1870
    » Species Rogneda acuta Brunet, 1979
    » Species Rogneda amai (Schockaert, 1976) Tessens, Janssen & Artois, 2014
    » Species Rogneda anglica Karling, 1953
    » Species Rogneda capulata Karling, 1953
    » Species Rogneda cincta Brunet, 1969
    » Species Rogneda exilis Brunet, 1979
    » Species Rogneda falcata Brunet, 1965
    » Species Rogneda gallica Ax, 1956
    » Species Rogneda hibernica (Southern, 1936) Karling, 1953
    » Species Rogneda minuta Uljanin, 1870
    » Species Rogneda palula Brunet, 1969
    » Species Rogneda polyrhabdota Ax, 1959
    » Species Rogneda reticulata Brunet, 1969
    » Species Rogneda steueri (Steinböck, 1933) Karling, 1953
    » Species Rogneda tripalmata (Beklemischev, 1927) Karling, 1953
    » Species Rogneda westbladi Karling, 1953
      » Subspecies Rogneda westbladi gallica Ax, 1956 accepted as Rogneda gallica Ax, 1956
      » Subspecies Rogneda westbladi westbladi Karling, 1953 represented as Rogneda westbladi Karling, 1953 (This became the nominal subspecies after Ax (1956) described R. w. gallica as a new subspecies. The latter is considered a full species now, hence the nominal subspecies name has become redundant and is not used anymore.)
    » Species Rogneda agilis Uljanin, 1870 accepted as Macrorhynchus naegelii (Kölliker, 1845) Graff, 1882
    » Species Rogneda patula accepted as Rogneda palula Brunet, 1969 (Literature misspelling)
  » Genus Acrorhynchus Graff, 1882 accepted as Acrorhynchides Strand, 1928 (Junior synonym of Acrorhychus Milne-Edwards, 1879)
    » Species Acrorhynchus bivittatus (Uljanin, 1870) Graff, 1882 accepted as Macrorhynchus bivittatus (Uljanin, 1870) Pereyaslawzewa, 1892
    » Species Acrorhynchus caledonicus (Claperede, 1861) Graff, 1882 accepted as Acrorhynchides caledonicus (Claperede, 1861) Strand, 1928
    » Species Acrorhynchus dolichocephalus (Pereyaslawzewa, 1892) Graff, 1905 accepted as Paulodora dolichocephala (Pereyaslawzewa, 1892) Artois & Schockaert, 1998
    » Species Acrorhynchus graciosus (Uljanin, 1870) Graff, 1882 accepted as Acrorhynchides graciosus (Uljanin, 1870) Strand, 1928
    » Species Acrorhynchus heinckei Attems, 1897 accepted as Utelga heinckei (Attems, 1897) Karling, 1954
    » Species Acrorhynchus ornatus (Uljanin, 1870) Graff, 1882 accepted as Leuconoplana ovata (Uljanin, 1870) Leuckart, 1871
    » Species Acrorhynchus reprobatus Graff, 1905 accepted as Progyrator mamertinus (Graff, 1874) Reisinger, 1926
    » Species Acrorhynchus robustus Karling, 1931 accepted as Acrorhynchides robustus (Karling, 1931) Strand, 1928
    » Species Acrorhynchus sophiae Graff, 1905 accepted as Itaipusa sophiae (v.Graff, 1905) Karling, 1978
    » Species Acrorhynchus spiralis (Pereyaslawzewa, 1892) Graff, 1913 accepted as Acrorhynchides spiralis (Pereyaslawzewa, 1892) Strand, 1928
  » Genus Albertorhynchus Schockaert, 1976 accepted as Rogneda Uljanin, 1870
  » Genus Klattia Kepner, Stirewalt & Ferguson, 1939 accepted as Opisthocystis Sekera, 1911
  » Genus Leucon Uljanin, 1870 accepted as Leuconoplana Leuckart, 1871 (Name preoccupied by Leucon Krøyer, 1846 (Crustacea))
  » Genus Leuconoplana Leuckart, 1871 accepted as Progyrator Sekera, 1901
  » Genus Macrorhynchus Graff, 1882 accepted as Graffiellus Hornung, 2016 (Junior synonym of Macrorhynchus Dunker, 1843)
    » Subgenus Macrorhynchus (Opisthocystis) Sekera, 1911 accepted as Opisthocystis Sekera, 1911
    » Species Macrorhynchus bivittatus (Uljanin, 1870) Pereyaslawzewa, 1892 accepted as Progyrator mamertinus (Graff, 1874) Reisinger, 1926
    » Species Macrorhynchus coeruleus Fuhrmann, 1898 accepted as Polycystis mamertina (Graff, 1874) Graff, 1905 (See Graff (1905; p. 121, 131))
    » Species Macrorhynchus crocea (Fabricius, 1826) Graff, 1882 accepted as Graffiellus croceus (Fabricius, 1826) Hornung, 2016 (Incorrect gender agreement)
    » Species Macrorhynchus croceus (Fabricius, 1826) Graff, 1882 accepted as Graffiellus croceus (Fabricius, 1826) Hornung, 2016
    » Species Macrorhynchus dolichocephala accepted as Macrorhynchus dolichocephalus Pereyaslawzewa, 1892 (This combination is wrongly mentioned by Schockaert (1973) in the list of synonyms of P. dolichocephala. Artois (2001) followed this. These are the only works where this combination occurs, and none of the two is officially published.)
    » Species Macrorhynchus dolichocephalus Pereyaslawzewa, 1892 accepted as Paulodora dolichocephala (Pereyaslawzewa, 1892) Artois & Schockaert, 1998
    » Species Macrorhynchus groenlandicus (Levinsen, 1879) Graff, 1882 accepted as Graffiellus groenlandicus (Levinsen, 1879) Hornung, 2016
    » Species Macrorhynchus helgolandicus (Mecznikow, 1865) Graff, 1882 accepted as Phonorhynchus helgolandicus (Mecznikow, 1865) Graff, 1905
    » Species Macrorhynchus mamertinus (Graff, 1874) Graff, 1882 accepted as Polycystis mamertina (Graff, 1874) Graff, 1905
    » Species Macrorhynchus minutus (Uljanin, 1870) Graff, 1882 accepted as Polycystis minuta (Uljanin, 1870) Graff, 1905
    » Species Macrorhynchus naegelii (Kölliker, 1845) Graff, 1882 accepted as Polycystis naegelii Kölliker, 1845
    » Species Macrorhynchus spiralis Pereyaslawzewa, 1892 accepted as Acrorhynchus spiralis (Pereyaslawzewa, 1892) Graff, 1913
  » Genus Paracrorhynchus accepted as Parachrorhynchus Karling, 1956 (Literature misspelling)
    » Species Paracrorhynchus axi Karling, 1956 accepted as Parachrorhynchus axi Karling, 1956 (Misspelling)
    » Species Paracrorhynchus bergensis Karling, 1956 accepted as Parachrorhynchus bergensis Karling, 1956 (Literature misspelling)
  » Genus Pseudopolycystis Meixner, 1938 accepted as Acrorhynchides Strand, 1928 (Nomen nudum in Meixner (1938); synonymisation with Acrorhynchides see Karling (1963))
    » Species Pseudopolycystis inermis Meixner, 1929 accepted as Acrorhynchides robustus (Karling, 1931) Strand, 1928 (Nomen nudum in Meixner (1938); synonymisation with Acrorhynchides robustus: see Karling (1963))
Subfamily Psammopolycystidinae Evdonin, 1977
Subfamily Scanorhynchinae Tessens, Janssen & Artois, 2014
  » Genus Annulorhynchus Karling, 1956
  » Genus Danorhynchus Karling, 1955
    » Species Danorhynchus duplostylis Karling, 1955
    » Species Danorhynchus gosoeensis Karling, 1955
    » Species Danorhynchus goesoeensis accepted as Danorhynchus gosoeensis Karling, 1955 (Literature misspelling)
  » Genus Gyratricella Karling, 1955
  » Genus Neopolycystis Karling, 1955
  » Genus Scanorhynchus Karling, 1955
    » Species Scanorhynchus forcipatus Karling, 1955
    » Species Scanorhynchus limophilus Karling, 1955
    » Species Scanorhynchus modestus Evdonin, 1971 (uncertain > nomen dubium, Could be synonymous with S. forcipatus Karling, 1955 (See Karling & Schockaert 1977))
Subfamily Typhlopolycystidinae Evdonin, 1977
  » Genus Lagenopolycystis Artois & Schockaert, 2000
  » Genus Limipolycystis Schilke, 1970
    » Species Limipolycystis curvitubo Schilke, 1970
    » Species Limipolycystis curvituba Schilke, 1970 accepted as Limipolycystis curvitubo Schilke, 1970 (Literature misspelling)
  » Genus Papia Karling, 1956
    » Species Papia bifida Karling, 1956
  » Genus Typhlopolycystis Karling, 1956
  » Genus Lagenorhynchus Brunet, 1965 accepted as Lagenopolycystis Artois & Schockaert, 2000 (Preoccupied by Lagenorhynchus Gray, 1846)

Subfamily Acrorhynchidinae Evdonin, 1977 (suppressed)
Subfamily Duplacrorhynchinae Schockaert & Karling, 1970 (suppressed)
Genus Ludmila Uljanin, 1870 accepted as Acrorhynchides Strand, 1928
Subfamily Macrorhynchinae Evdonin, 1977 (suppressed)
Subfamily Porrocystidinae Evdonin, 1977 (suppressed)
Subfamily Rognedinae Evdonin, 1977 (suppressed)
Genus Syltorhynchus Noldt, 1989 accepted as Gallorhynchus Schockaert & Brunet, 1971
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Graff, L. von. (1905). Marine Turbellarien Orottavas und der Küsten Europas. <em>Zeitschrift fur wissenschaftlige Zoologie.</em> 83: 68-150. With 6 plates., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/43242488 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
ERMS (2021). Polycystididae Graff, 1905. Accessed at: http://www.marbef.org/data/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=142099 on 2022-10-03
Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvanitidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2022). European Register of Marine Species. Polycystididae Graff, 1905. Accessed at: https://vliz.be/vmdcdata/narms/narms.php?p=taxdetails&id=142099 on 2022-10-03
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-07-26 12:02:34Z
changed
2010-06-15 07:03:37Z
changed
2021-07-23 08:24:31Z
changed

original description Graff, L. von. (1905). Marine Turbellarien Orottavas und der Küsten Europas. <em>Zeitschrift fur wissenschaftlige Zoologie.</em> 83: 68-150. With 6 plates., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/43242488 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Faubel, A.; Noreña, C. (2001). Turbellaria, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 123-136 (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Tyler, S.; Schilling, S.; Hooge, M.; Bush, L. F. (comp.). (2006-2016). Turbellarian taxonomic database. Version 1.7., available online at http://turbellaria.umaine.edu [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality