WoRMS taxon details

Spisula subtruncata (da Costa, 1778)

140302  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140302)

accepted
Species
marine
(of Trigonella subtruncata da Costa, 1778) Da Costa, E. M. (1778). <i>Historia naturalis testaceorum Britanniæ, or, the British conchology</i>; containing the descriptions and other particulars of natural history of the shells of Great Britain and Ireland: illustrated with figures. In English and French. - Historia naturalis testaceorum Britanniæ, ou, la conchologie Britannique; contenant les descriptions & autres particularités d'histoire naturelle des coquilles de la Grande Bretagne & de l'Irlande: avec figures en taille douce. En anglois & françois. i-xii, 1-254, i-vii, [1], Pl. I-XVII. London. (Millan, White, Emsley & Robson). , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13116783
page(s): 198-199 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Description A solid shell with a more or less triangular shape but assymmetrical: the back is somewhat more
rounded than the front. A...  
Description A solid shell with a more or less triangular shape but assymmetrical: the back is somewhat more
rounded than the front. A sculpture of fine concentric lines and grooves cover the shell. The growth
lines are clearly visible. Measures up to 30 mm long. Fresh specimens are cream-coloured or yellowish white with a dun epidermis. [details]

Distribution The distribution area of Spisula subtruncata stretches across the entire Belgian part of the North Sea. In the 1994-2001...  
Distribution The distribution area of Spisula subtruncata stretches across the entire Belgian part of the North Sea. In the 1994-2001 period, however, a preference for the near-coastal zone could be observed. Very high concentrations (up to 1,300 ind./m2) were especially observed near the western near-coastal zone. [details]
MolluscaBase eds. (2024). MolluscaBase. Spisula subtruncata (da Costa, 1778). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140302 on 2024-07-23
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Mactra deltoides Lamarck, 1818) Lamarck, J.B. (1818). [volume 5 of] Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, préséntant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; precedes d'une Introduction offrant la determination des caracteres essentiels de l'Animal, sa distinction du vegetal et desautres corps naturels, enfin, l'Exposition des Principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie. <em>Paris, Deterville.</em> vol 5: 612 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12886879 [details]   

original description  (of Mactra euxinica Krynicki, 1837) Krynicki, J. A. (1837). Conchylia tam terrestria, quam fluviatilia et e maribus adjacentibus Imperii Rossici indigena, quae pro mutua offeruntur historiae naturalis cultoribus. <em>Bulletin de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou.</em> 10 (2): 50-64. Moskva., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41311962
page(s): 63 [details]   

original description  (of Mactra lactea Poli, 1791) Poli J.X. (1791). <i>Testacea utriusque Siciliae eorumque historia et anatome tabulis aeneis illustrata.</i> Ex Regio Typographeio, Parmae. Vol. 1: pp. i-lxxiii, [1-6], i-x, 1-90, 1-50, [1], 1-74, pls 1-18. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/44019471 [details]   

original description  (of Mactra striata T. Brown, 1827) Brown, T. (1827). Illustrations of the conchology of Great Britain and Ireland. Drawn from nature. <em>W.H. Lizars and D. Lizars, Edinburgh and S. Highley, London.</em> 144 pp., 52 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/127868 [details]   

original description  (of Mactra triangula Brocchi, 1814) Brocchi, G. B. (1814). <i>Conchiologia fossile subapennina con osservazioni geologiche sugli Apennini e sul suolo adiacente. Tomo primo</i>. pp. 1-56, I-LXXV, 1-240. Milano, Stamperia Reale., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12001697 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Trigonella subtruncata da Costa, 1778) Da Costa, E. M. (1778). <i>Historia naturalis testaceorum Britanniæ, or, the British conchology</i>; containing the descriptions and other particulars of natural history of the shells of Great Britain and Ireland: illustrated with figures. In English and French. - Historia naturalis testaceorum Britanniæ, ou, la conchologie Britannique; contenant les descriptions & autres particularités d'histoire naturelle des coquilles de la Grande Bretagne & de l'Irlande: avec figures en taille douce. En anglois & françois. i-xii, 1-254, i-vii, [1], Pl. I-XVII. London. (Millan, White, Emsley & Robson). , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13116783
page(s): 198-199 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Mactra subtruncata var. inaequalis Jeffreys, 1864) Jeffreys, J. G. (1862-1869). <i>British conchology</i>. Vol. 1: pp. cxiv + 341 [1862]. Vol. 2: pp. 479 [1864]. Vol. 3: pp. 394 [1865]. Vol. 4: pp. 487 [1867]. Vol. 5: pp. 259 [1869]. London, van Voorst. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/55187
page(s): 420 [details]   

original description  (of Mactra subtruncata var. tenuis Jeffreys, 1864) Jeffreys, J. G. (1862-1869). <i>British conchology</i>. Vol. 1: pp. cxiv + 341 [1862]. Vol. 2: pp. 479 [1864]. Vol. 3: pp. 394 [1865]. Vol. 4: pp. 487 [1867]. Vol. 5: pp. 259 [1869]. London, van Voorst. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/55187
page(s): 420 [details]   

original description  (of Mactra subtruncata var. transversa Pallary, 1902) Pallary, P. (1902). Liste des mollusques testacés de la baie de Tanger. <em>Journal de Conchyliologie.</em> 50: 1-39, pl. 1., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/16318852
page(s): 35 [details]   

original description  (of Mactra subtruncata var. conemenosi Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1896) Bucquoy, E.; Dautzenberg, P.; Dollfus, G. (1887-1898). Les mollusques marins du Roussillon. Tome II. Pélécypodes. Paris, J.B. Baillière & fils; 884 p., 99 pl. [pp. 1-24, pl. 1-6, 1887; pp. 25-60, pl. 7-11, 1888; pp. 61-112, pl. 12-21, 1889; pp. 113-172, pl. 22-29, 1890; pp. 173-220, pl. 30-37, 1891; pp. 221-320, pl. 38-51, 1892; pp. 321-450, pl. 52-67, 1893; pp. 453-540, pl. 68-70, 1895; pp. 541-620, pl. 79-88, 1896; pp. 621-884, pl. 89-99, 1898]., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/58552309
page(s): 565 [details]   

original description  (of Spisula hartingi Spaink, 1958) Spaink, G. (1958). <i>Spisula hartingi</i> nov. spec., a new bivalve from the Eemian in the Netherlands. <em>Basteria.</em> 22(1): 15-17., available online at https://natuurtijdschriften.nl/pub/596379/BAST1958022001003.pdf [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. <em>Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke.</em> 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (BeRMS 2020) Bio-environmental research group; Institute of Agricultural and Fisheries research (ILVO), Belgium; (2015): Epibenthos and demersal fish monitoring data in function of wind energy development in the Belgian part of the North Sea. [details]   

basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 180-213., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/ocrd/254404.pdf [details]   

additional source Huber, M. (2010). <i>Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world's marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research</i>. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

identification resource Cosel, R. von; Gofas, S. (2019). <i>Marine bivalves of tropical West Africa: from Rio de Oro to southern Angola</i>. Publications Scientifiques du Muséum, Paris, IRD Éditions, Marseille (Faune et Flore tropicales, volume 48): 1-1104.
page(s): 774-775 [details]   
 
 Present  Present in aphia/obis/gbif/idigbio   Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
   

From other sources
Biology This species probably spawns in winter and early spring. The pelagic larval stage seems to last fairly long. S. subtruncata is a suspension feeder and forms an important food item for diving birds like the Common Scooter that overwinter along the Dutch coast (Ziegelmeier, 1957; Wolff, 1973). [details]

Description A solid shell with a more or less triangular shape but assymmetrical: the back is somewhat more
rounded than the front. A sculpture of fine concentric lines and grooves cover the shell. The growth
lines are clearly visible. Measures up to 30 mm long. Fresh specimens are cream-coloured or yellowish white with a dun epidermis. [details]

Distribution The distribution area of Spisula subtruncata stretches across the entire Belgian part of the North Sea. In the 1994-2001 period, however, a preference for the near-coastal zone could be observed. Very high concentrations (up to 1,300 ind./m2) were especially observed near the western near-coastal zone. [details]

Habitat S. subtruncata lives in bottoms consisting of sand and muddy fine sand (Ziegelmeier, 1957; Tebble, 1966). [details]

Habitat Spisula subtruncata occurs in different sediment types: from very fine to coarse sand and from low to high mud content. However, a preference can be observed for rather fine-grained sediments (median grain size 150-250 μm) enriched with mud (mud content of 10-40%). Spisula subtruncata is present in 60% of these sediment types. [details]

Morphology A solid shell, somewhat triangular in outline with rounded corners. Large specimens reach 25 mm in length. A sculpture of fine concentric lines and grooves covers the shell. The growth stages are clear. It is dirty white in colour, with a greenish or greyish brown periostracum. The inside of the shell is white (Tebble, 1966; Wolff, 1973; Hayward & Ryland, 1990) [details]
    Definitions

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LanguageName 
Danish hvælvet trugmusling  [details]
Dutch halfgeknotte strandschelp  [details]
English subtruncate surf clamcut trough shellcut surfclam  [details]
French spisule tronquéedouceron triangulaire  [details]
German Stumpfe Trogmuschelgedrungene TrogmuschelDreieckige Trogmuschel  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) ΠετσινάκιΑχιβαδάκι  [details]