NARMS taxon details

Octopus Cuvier, 1798

138268  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:138268)

accepted
Genus
Loligo vulgaris Lamarck, 1798 (type by subsequent designation)
Polypus Leach, 1817 · unaccepted (ICZN Opinion 233)
Species Octopus americanus Froriep, 1806
Species Octopus mimus Gould, 1852
Species Octopus salutii Vérany, 1839
Species Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797

Subgenus Octopus (Philonexis) d'Orbigny, 1835 accepted as Tremoctopus delle Chiaje, 1830
Species Octopus aegina Gray, 1849 accepted as Amphioctopus aegina (Gray, 1849) (original combination)
Species Octopus alderii Vérany, 1851 accepted as Callistoctopus macropus (Risso, 1826) (synonym)
Species Octopus arcticus Prosch, 1849 accepted as Bathypolypus arcticus (Prosch, 1849)
Species Octopus bairdii Verrill, 1873 accepted as Bathypolypus bairdii (Verrill, 1873) (original combination)
Species Octopus bermudensis Hoyle, 1885 accepted as Callistoctopus furvus (Gould, 1852) (synonym)
Species Octopus bitentaculatus Risso, 1854 accepted as Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797
Species Octopus brevitentaculatus Blainville, 1826 accepted as Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797
Species Octopus carenae Vérany, 1839 accepted as Ocythoe tuberculata Rafinesque, 1814 (synonym)
Species Octopus cassiopea Gray, 1849 accepted as Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797 (synonym)
Species Octopus catenulatus Philippi, 1844 accepted as Ocythoe tuberculata Rafinesque, 1814 (synonym)
Species Octopus chromatus Heilprin, 1888 accepted as Callistoctopus furvus (Gould, 1852) (synonym)
Species Octopus cirrhosus Lamarck, 1798 accepted as Eledone cirrhosa (Lamarck, 1798) (original combination)
Species Octopus cocco Vérany, 1846 accepted as Pteroctopus tetracirrhus (Delle Chiaje, 1830)
Species Octopus cuvieri d'Orbigny [in Férussac & d'Orbigny], 1826 accepted as Callistoctopus lechenaultii (d'Orbigny [in Férussac & d'Orbigny], 1826) (synonym)
Species Octopus defilippi Vérany, 1851 accepted as Macrotritopus defilippi (Vérany, 1851) (original combination)
Species Octopus equivocus G. C. Robson, 1929 accepted as Macrotritopus equivocus (G. C. Robson, 1929) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
Species Octopus ergasticus P. Fischer & H. Fischer, 1892 accepted as Bathypolypus ergasticus (P. Fischer & H. Fischer, 1892)
Species Octopus gracilis Verrill, 1884 accepted as Macrotritopus equivocus (G. C. Robson, 1929) (pre-occupied name)
Species Octopus granosus Blainville, 1826 accepted as Callistoctopus macropus (Risso, 1826) (synonym)
Species Octopus granulatus Lamarck, 1798 accepted as Amphioctopus granulatus (Lamarck, 1798) (original combination)
Species Octopus groenlandicus Dewhurst, 1856 accepted as Bathypolypus arcticus (Prosch, 1849) (synonym)
Species Octopus kempi (G. C. Robson, 1929) accepted as Macrotritopus defilippi (Vérany, 1851) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Octopus koellikeri Vérany, 1851 accepted as Tremoctopus violaceus delle Chiaje, 1830 (synonym)
Species Octopus lechenaultii d'Orbigny [in Férussac & d'Orbigny], 1826 accepted as Callistoctopus lechenaultii (d'Orbigny [in Férussac & d'Orbigny], 1826) (original combination)
Species Octopus lentus Verrill, 1880 accepted as Bathypolypus bairdii (Verrill, 1873)
Species Octopus leschenaultii [sic] accepted as Octopus lechenaultii d'Orbigny [in Férussac & d'Orbigny], 1826 accepted as Callistoctopus lechenaultii (d'Orbigny [in Férussac & d'Orbigny], 1826) (misspelling)
Species Octopus lothei Chun, 1913 accepted as Bathypolypus ergasticus (P. Fischer & H. Fischer, 1892)
Species Octopus macropodus San Giovanni, 1829 accepted as Callistoctopus macropus (Risso, 1826) (synonym)
Species Octopus macropus Risso, 1826 accepted as Callistoctopus macropus (Risso, 1826) (original combination)
Species Octopus microstomus Reynaud, 1830 accepted as Tremoctopus violaceus delle Chiaje, 1830 (synonym)
Species Octopus moschatus Lamarck, 1798 accepted as Eledone moschata (Lamarck, 1798) (original combination)
Species Octopus niger Risso, 1854 accepted as Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797 (dubious synonym)
Species Octopus obesus Verrill, 1880 accepted as Bathypolypus arcticus (Prosch, 1849) (synonym)
Species Octopus pilosus Risso, 1826 accepted as Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797
Species Octopus piscatorum A. E. Verrill, 1879 accepted as Bathypolypus bairdii (Verrill, 1873)
Species Octopus rabassin Risso, 1854 accepted as Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797
Species Octopus reticularis Petagna [in Monticelli], 1828 accepted as Ocythoe tuberculata Rafinesque, 1814 (synonym)
Species Octopus ruber Rafinesque, 1814 accepted as Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797
Species Octopus rufus Risso, 1854 accepted as Scaeurgus unicirrhus (Delle Chiaje [in Férussac & d'Orbigny], 1841) (dubious synonym)
Species Octopus saluzzii Vérany, 1840 accepted as Octopus salutii Vérany, 1839 (synonym)
Species Octopus semipalmatus Owen, 1836 accepted as Tremoctopus violaceus delle Chiaje, 1830 (synonym)
Species Octopus sponsalis P. Fischer & H. Fischer, 1892 accepted as Bathypolypus sponsalis (P. Fischer & H. Fischer, 1892)
Species Octopus tetracirrhus Delle Chiaje, 1830 accepted as Pteroctopus tetracirrhus (Delle Chiaje, 1830) (original combination)
Species Octopus tritentaculatus Risso, 1854 accepted as Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797
Species Octopus troschelii Targioni-Tozzetti, 1869 accepted as Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797 (dubious synonym)
Species Octopus tuberculatus Blainville, 1826 accepted as Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797 (synonym)
Species Octopus unicirrhus Delle Chiaje [in Férussac & d'Orbigny], 1841 accepted as Scaeurgus unicirrhus (Delle Chiaje [in Férussac & d'Orbigny], 1841) (original combination)
Species Octopus velatus Rang, 1837 accepted as Tremoctopus violaceus delle Chiaje, 1830 (synonym)
Species Octopus velifer de Férussac, 1835 accepted as Tremoctopus violaceus delle Chiaje, 1830 (synonym)
Species Octopus veranyi R. Wagner, 1828 accepted as Ocythoe tuberculata Rafinesque, 1814 (synonym)

Species Octopus bandensis Hoyle, 1885 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
Species Octopus elegans Brock, 1887 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
Species Octopus hyalinus Rang, 1837 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
Species Octopus moschites Carus, 1824 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum, Unresolved species of Eledone)
Species Octopus pictus Blainville, 1826 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
masculine
Cuvier G.L. (1798). Tableau élementaire de l'Histoire Naturelle des Animaux. Paris, Baudouin. xvi + 710 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/42906
page(s): 380 [details]   
MolluscaBase eds. (2022). MolluscaBase. Octopus Cuvier, 1798. Accessed through: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvanitidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2022) European Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marbef.org/data/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=138268 on 2022-10-05
Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvanitidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2022). European Register of Marine Species. Octopus Cuvier, 1798. Accessed at: https://vliz.be/vmdcdata/narms/narms.php?p=taxdetails&id=138268 on 2022-10-05
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2013-10-13 18:03:35Z
changed
2015-01-31 10:25:01Z
changed
2018-02-07 15:28:10Z
changed
2018-05-27 23:05:56Z
changed
2020-05-04 20:12:36Z
changed

original description Cuvier G.L. (1798). Tableau élementaire de l'Histoire Naturelle des Animaux. Paris, Baudouin. xvi + 710 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/42906
page(s): 380 [details]   

taxonomy source Norman M.D., Finn J.K. & Hochberg F.G. (2014). Family Octopodidae. pp. 36-215, in P. Jereb, C.F.E. Roper, M.D. Norman & J.K. Finn eds. <i>Cephalopods of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cephalopod species known to date</i>. Volume 3. Octopods and Vampire Squids. <em>FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes [Rome, FAO].</em> 4(3): 353 pp. 11 pls. [details]   

subsequent type designation ICZN. (1997). Opinion 1861. <i>Octopus vulgaris</i> Cuvier [1797] and <i>Loligo vulgaris</i> Lamarck, 1798 (Mollusca, Cephalopoda): specific names conserved. <em>Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature.</em> 54: 59-60., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12446295 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
Loligo vulgaris Lamarck, 1798
 Loligo vulgaris Lam...
[image from typetaxon]

Loligo vulgaris Lamarck, 1798
 Loligo vulgaris Lam...
[image from typetaxon]

eggs of Loligo vulgaris Lamarck, 1798
 eggs of Loligo vulg...
[image from typetaxon]

trossen eieren van de pijlinktvis
 trossen eieren van ...
[image from typetaxon]

Pijlinktvis - MEI
 Pijlinktvis - MEI
[image from typetaxon]

Loligo vulgaris Lamarck, 1798
 Loligo vulgaris Lam...
[image from typetaxon]

Loligo vulgaris
 Loligo vulgaris
[image from typetaxon]

Loligo vulgaris
 Loligo vulgaris
[image from typetaxon]

Loligo vulgaris
 Loligo vulgaris
[image from typetaxon]

Eggs of Loligo vulgaris
 Eggs of Loligo vulg...
[image from typetaxon]

Eben (1884, figuur 28)
 Eben (1884, figuur 28)
[image from typetaxon]

To NMNH Extant Collection (IZ 1151562 closeup view)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]

To NMNH Extant Collection (IZ 1151562 specimen)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]

To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 038243)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
[hosted externally]