NARMS taxon details

Echinidae Gray, 1825

123160  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:123160)

accepted
Family
Genus Echinus Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758
    » Subspecies Echinus esculentus glacialis D'yakonov, 1923
    » Variety Echinus esculentus var. glacialis D'yakonov, 1923 accepted as Echinus esculentus glacialis D'yakonov, 1923 (accepted at subspecies rank)
    » Variety Echinus esculentus var. tenuispinus Norman, 1868 accepted as Echinus tenuispinus Norman, 1868 (accepted at species rank)
  » Species Echinus melo Lamarck, 1816
  » Species Echinus tenuispinus Norman, 1868
  » Species Echinus wallisi A. Agassiz, 1880
  » Species Echinus neglectus Lamarck, 1816 (nomen dubium, possible subjective junior synonym of Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis or S. pallidus)
  » Species Echinus subangulosus de Blainville, 1826 (nomen dubium)
  » Species Echinus rarispinus G.O. Sars, 1871 accepted as Echinus acutus norvegicus Düben & Koren, 1844 (nomen nudum, manuscript name (for globular specimens of E. acutus norvegicus))
  » Subgenus Echinus (Toxopneustes) L. Agassiz, 1841 accepted as Toxopneustes L. Agassiz, 1841 (accepted at genus rank)
  » Species Echinus acutus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Gracilechinus acutus (Lamarck, 1816) (transferred to Gracilechinus)
    » Subspecies Echinus acutus norvegicus Düben & Koren, 1844 accepted as Gracilechinus acutus norvegicus (Düben & Koren, 1844) (parent taxon transferred to Gracilechinus)
  » Species Echinus aequituberculatus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Arbacia lixula (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus affinis Mortensen, 1903 accepted as Gracilechinus affinis (Mortensen, 1903) (transferred to Gracilechinus)
  » Species Echinus alexandri Danielssen & Koren, 1883 accepted as Gracilechinus alexandri (Danielssen & Koren, 1883) (transferred to Gracilechinus)
  » Species Echinus aurantiacus accepted as Echinus auranticus Blainville, 1825 (misspelling)
  » Species Echinus auranticus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus cidaris Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Cidaris cidaris (Linnaeus, 1758) (transferred to Cidaris)
  » Species Echinus cordatus Pennant, 1777 accepted as Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777) (transferred to Echinocardium)
  » Species Echinus depressus G.O. Sars, 1871 accepted as Echinus acutus Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus dröbachiensis O.F. Müller, 1776 accepted as Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (O.F. Müller, 1776) (incorrect original spelling (mandatory changed according to ICZN 4th Ed. Article 32.5.2.1.))
  » Species Echinus elegans Düben & Koren, 1844 accepted as Gracilechinus elegans (Düben & Koren, 1844) (transferred to Gracilechinus)
  » Species Echinus flemingii Forbes, 1841 accepted as Echinus acutus Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus globiformis Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus granularis de Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) (transferred to Sphaerechinus)
  » Species Echinus granularis Say, 1827 non Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Strongylocentrotus Brandt, 1835 (misidentification (possibly a Strongylocentrotus pallidus according to Jensen, 1974))
  » Species Echinus lividus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) (transferred to Paracentrotus)
  » Species Echinus lixula Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Arbacia lixula (Linnaeus, 1758) (transferred to Arbacia)
  » Species Echinus microstoma Thomson, 1872 accepted as Echinus acutus norvegicus Düben & Koren, 1844 (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus microtuberculatus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Psammechinus microtuberculatus (Blainville, 1825) (transferred to Psammechinus)
  » Species Echinus miliaris P.L.S. Müller, 1771 accepted as Psammechinus miliaris (P.L.S. Müller, 1771) (transferred to Psammechinus)
  » Species Echinus minutus Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Echinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus neapolitanus Delle Chiaje, 1825 accepted as Arbacia lixula (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus norvegicus Düben & Koren, 1844 accepted as Echinus acutus norvegicus Düben & Koren, 1844 (reduced to subspecies rank )
  » Species Echinus pseudomelo Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus purpureus Risso, 1826 accepted as Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus quinqueangulatus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus quinqueangulosus accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (misspelling)
  » Species Echinus sardicus sensu Delle Chiaje, 1841 accepted as Echinus acutus Lamarck, 1816 (misidentification)
  » Species Echinus saxatilis Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Diadema setosum (Leske, 1778) (subjective junior synonym - but see below in notes section)
  » Species Echinus schwartzii Nilsson, 1817 accepted as Echinus swartzii Nilsson & Holst, 1817 (misspelling)
  » Species Echinus sphaera O.F. Müller, 1776 accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus swartzii Nilsson & Holst, 1817 accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus violaceus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus vulgaris Blainville, 1825 accepted as Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
Genus Gracilechinus Fell & Pawson in Moore, 1966
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Not documented
Kroh, A.; Mooi, R. (2021). World Echinoidea Database. Echinidae Gray, 1825. Accessed through: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvanitidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2021) European Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marbef.org/data/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=123160 on 2021-12-03
Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvanitidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2021). European Register of Marine Species. Echinidae Gray, 1825. Accessed at: https://vliz.be/vmdcdata/narms/narms.php?p=taxdetails&id=123160 on 2021-12-03
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2010-08-31 07:25:31Z
changed

basis of record Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i>. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Kroh, A. & Smith, A.B. (2010): The phylogeny and classification of post-Palaeozoic echinoids. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 8/2: 147-212., available online at http://www.informaworld.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=1477-2019&volume=8&issue=2&spage=147
page(s): 171 [details]   

identification resource Smith, A.B. 2013. Key to the genera of Echinoida. In: Smith, A.B. & Kroh, A. (editors) The Echinoid Directory. World Wide Web electronic publication., available online at http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/research/projects/echinoid-directory/taxa/key.jsp?id=360 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality