Love, M. S.; Yoklavich, M. M.; Black, B. A.; Andrews, A. H. (2007). Age of black coral (Antipathes dendrochristos) colonies, with notes on associated invertebrate species. Bulletin of Marine Science. 80(2): 391-399.
Love, M. S.; Yoklavich, M. M.; Black, B. A.; Andrews, A. H.
Age of black coral (Antipathes dendrochristos) colonies, with notes on associated invertebrate species
Bulletin of Marine Science
n 2005, a dead 2.1-m high colony of the Christmas tree black coral, Antipathes
dendrochristos Opresko, 2005, was collected from 106 m of water off southern
California. Based on growth increment counts, a radiocarbon (14C) analysis, and an indirect corroboration by lead-210 dating from a second, live colony, the colony was about 140 yrs old when it died. The dead skeleton was heavily colonized by invertebrates with 2554 individuals living on the colony. Corophioid amphipods, sea anemones, brittle stars, and crinoids dominated this assemblage. Thus, along with living colonies, it is arguable that the destruction of dead antipatharian colonies may have as yet unknown effects on a range of deep-water organisms.
Eastern Pacific warm temperate to boreal
Associations, Symbiosis, Commensalism (parasitism see *PAR)