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SHARK - Phytoplankton monitoring of biotoxin producing harmful algal blooms since 2000
Citatie
Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, Swedish Food Agency. Phytoplankton monitoring of biotoxin producing harmful algal blooms since 2000
Contact:

Toegang tot data
Gearchiveerde data
Beschikbaarheid: CC0 Voor zover mogelijk onder de wet, heeft de persoon, die CC0 toegekend heeft aan deze dataset, afstand gedaan van alle auteurs- en aanverwante rechten.

Beschrijving
Biotoxin producing phytoplankton has been monitored in and around Swedish mussel and oyster farms on the Swedish west coast since 2000. The monitoring program was initiated and financed by the Swedish Food Agency. Monitoring is performed by the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI). Dataare stored in the Swedish archive for oceanographic data (SHARK) database, curated by SMHI. meer

Phytoplankton constitute an important part of of the pelagic food webs. These organisms are primary producers (phytoplankton) and is the primary food source for zooplankton linking to higher trophic levels (zooplanktivorous fish and invertebrates). Biotoxin producing phytoplankton can harm animals, people or the local ecology in a number of differrent ways. This monitoring program is focused toward potentially harmful algae. Sampling provides information to describe species composition and spatial distribution of biotoxin producing phytoplankton abundance and biomass. Data is collected and analyzed according to the Helcom COMBINE Manual - Part C Annex C6 Phytoplankton (https://helcom.fi/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/HELCOM-Guidelines-for-monitoring-of-phytoplankton-species-composition-abundance-and-biomass.pdf) or similar methods. Seawater samples are collected with a hose that hangs vertically in the water and then sealed to gather a mixture of water (an integrated sample) from different depths. The phytoplankton in the water is preserved and species that are known to produce harmful toxins (HAB) are later counted and quantified in the microscope, e.g. harmful dinoflagelletes: Alexandrium spp., Dinophysis acuminata, Dinophysis acuta, Dinophysis norvegica, Dinophysis dens, Dinophysis rotundata, Azadinium spinosum, Protoceratium reticulatum and Lingulodinium polyedrum and the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia spp.

Scope
Thema's:
Biologie > Zoogdieren
Kernwoorden:
Marien/Kust, ANE, Baltic, ANE, Kattegat, ANE, Skagerrak, Haptophyta, Myzozoa, Ochrophyta

Geografische spreiding
ANE, Baltic [Marine Regions]
ANE, Kattegat [Marine Regions]
ANE, Skagerrak [Marine Regions]

Spreiding in de tijd
5 Maart 2000 - 16 December 2019

Taxonomic coverage
Haptophyta [WoRMS]
Myzozoa [WoRMS]
Ochrophyta [WoRMS]

Bijdrage door
Swedish Food Agency, meerdata creator
Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI), meerdata creator

Gerelateerde datasets
Maakt deel uit van:
SHARK: Marine biological data of Sweden, meer

Dataset status: Gestart
Metadatarecord aangemaakt: 2020-09-28
Informatie laatst gewijzigd: 2020-09-29
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