Pettibone, Marian H. (1996). Revision of the scaleworm genera Acholoe Claparède, Arctonoella Buzhinskaja, and Intoshella Darboux (Polychaeta: Polynoidae) with the erection of the new subfamily Acholoinae. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 109(4): 629-644.
Pettibone, Marian H.
Revision of the scaleworm genera <i>Acholoe</i> Claparï¿½de, <i>Arctonoella</i> Buzhinskaja, and <i>Intoshella</i> Darboux (Polychaeta: Polynoidae) with the erection of the new subfamily Acholoinae
Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington
Four genera and five species of polynoids are reviewed and revised, including Acholoe Claparède, 1870, for A. astericola (Delle Chiaje, 1841), commensal with asteroids; Arctonoella Buzhinskaja, 1964, for A. sinagawaensis (Izuka, 1912); new genus Paractonoella, for P. indica (Day, 1973). n. comb., and P. aphthalma (Gallardo, 1968), n. comb., with ophiuroid (both as Intoshella); and Intoshella Darboux, 1900, for I. euplectellae (McIntosh, 1885), with glass sponge. All species are referred to the new subfamily Acholoinae, characterized by arctonoid type of prostomium and biramous parapodia with neuropodia deeply notched dorsally and ventrally, shorter rounded postsetal lobes and longer presetal acicular lobes, bifid distally, with longer supraacicular processes.
Associations, Symbiosis, Commensalism (parasitism see *PAR)