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Spatial and temporal factors controlling short-term sedimentation in a salt and freshwater tidal marsh, Scheldt estuary, Belgium, SW Netherlands
Temmerman, S.; Govers, G.; Wartel, S.; Meire, P. (2003). Spatial and temporal factors controlling short-term sedimentation in a salt and freshwater tidal marsh, Scheldt estuary, Belgium, SW Netherlands. Earth Surf. Process. Landforms 28(7): 739-755.
In: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms: the Journal of the British Geomorphological Research Group. John Wiley/Wiley: Chichester, Sussex; New York. ISSN 0197-9337; e-ISSN 1096-9837, meer
Peer reviewed article  

Beschikbaar in  Auteurs 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 64216 [ OMA ]

    Particulates > Suspended particulate matter > Sediments > Resuspended sediments
    Water > Fresh water
    Water bodies > Inland waters > Wetlands > Marshes > Salt marshes
    België, Zeeschelde [Marine Regions]
Author keywords
    saltmarsh; freshwater marsh; suspended sediment concentration; sediment deposition; Schelde river

Auteurs  Top 

    During a one-year period temporal and spatial variations in suspended sediment concentration (SSC) and deposition were studied on a salt and freshwater tidal marsh in the Scheldt estuary (Belgium, SW Netherlands) using automatic water sampling stations and sediment traps. Temporal variations were found to be controlled by tidal inundation. The initial SSC, measured above the marsh surface at the beginning of inundation events, increases linearly with inundation height at high tide. In accordance with this an exponential relationship is observed between inundation time and sedimentation rates, measured over 25 spring-neap cycles. In addition both SSC and sedimentation rates are higher during winter than during summer for the same inundation height or time. Although spatial differences in vegetation characteristics are large between and within the studied salt and freshwater marsh, they do not affect the spatial sedimentation pattern. Sedimentation rates however strongly decrease with increasing (1) surface elevation, (2) distance from the nearest creek or marsh edge and (3) distance from the marsh edge measured along the nearest creek. Based on these three morphometric parameters, the spatio-temporal sedimentation pattern can be modelled very well using a single multiple regression model for both the salt and freshwater marsh. A method is presented to compute two-dimensional sedimentation patterns, based on spatial implementation of this regression model.

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