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Molecular response of Sargassum vulgare to acidification at volcanic CO2 vents: insights from de novo transcriptomic analysis
Kumar, A.; Castellano, I.; Patti, F.P.; Delledonne, M.; AbdElgawad, H.; Beemster, G.T.S.; Asard, H.; Palumbo, A.; Buia, M.C. (2017). Molecular response of Sargassum vulgare to acidification at volcanic CO2 vents: insights from de novo transcriptomic analysis. Mol. Ecol. 26(8): 2276-2290. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/mec.14034
In: Molecular Ecology. Blackwell: Oxford. ISSN 0962-1083; e-ISSN 1365-294X, meer
Peer reviewed article  

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Trefwoorden
    Sargassum vulgare C.Agardh, 1820 [WoRMS]; Marien
Author keywords
    brown algae; climate change; CO2 vents; fleshy macroalgae; molecularresponse; mRNA-Seq; ocean acidification

Auteurs  Top 
  • Kumar, A.
  • Castellano, I.
  • Patti, F.P., meer
  • Delledonne, M.
  • AbdElgawad, H.
  • Beemster, G.T.S.
  • Asard, H.
  • Palumbo, A.
  • Buia, M.C., meer

Abstract
    Ocean acidification is an emerging problem that is expected to impact ocean species to varying degrees. Currently, little is known about its effect on molecular mechanisms induced in fleshy macroalgae. To elucidate genome wide responses to acidification, a transcriptome analysis was carried out on Sargassum vulgare populations growing under acidified conditions at volcanic CO2 vents and compared with populations in a control site. Several transcripts involved in a wide range of cellular and metabolic processes were differentially expressed. No drastic changes were observed in the carbon acquisition processes and RuBisCO level. Moreover, relatively few stress genes, including those for antioxidant enzymes and heat‐shock proteins, were affected. Instead, increased expression of transcripts involved in energy metabolism, photosynthetic processes and ion homeostasis suggested that algae increased energy production to maintain ion homeostasis and other cellular processes. Also, an increased allocation of carbon to cell wall and carbon storage was observed. A number of genes encoding proteins involved in cellular signalling, information storage and processing and transposition were differentially expressed between the two conditions. The transcriptional changes of key enzymes were largely confirmed by enzymatic activity measurements. Altogether, the changes induced by acidification indicate an adaptation of growth and development of S. vulgare at the volcanic CO2 vents, suggesting that this fleshy alga exhibits a high plasticity to low pH and can adopt molecular strategies to grow also in future more acidified waters.

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