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Effects of pH, salinity, biomass concentration, and algal organic matter on flocculant efficiency of synthetic versus natural polymers for harvesting microalgae biomass
Roselet, F.; Vandamme, D.; Roselet, M.; Muylaert, K.; Abreu, P.C. (2017). Effects of pH, salinity, biomass concentration, and algal organic matter on flocculant efficiency of synthetic versus natural polymers for harvesting microalgae biomass. Bioenergy Research 10(2): 427-437. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s12155-016-9806-3
In: Bioenergy Research. ISSN 1939-1234; e-ISSN 1939-1242, meer
Peer reviewed article  

Beschikbaar in  Auteurs 

Trefwoorden
    Marien; Zoet water
Author keywords
    Coagulation; Flocculation; Biopolymer; Photosystem II; Toxicity

Auteurs  Top 
  • Roselet, F.
  • Vandamme, D., meer
  • Roselet, M.
  • Muylaert, K., meer
  • Abreu, P.C.

Abstract
    This study investigated the effects of pH, salinity, biomass concentration, and algal organic matter (AOM) on the efficiency of four commercial cationic flocculants. The tannin-based biopolymers Tanfloc SG and SL and the polyacrylamide polymers Flopam FO 4800 SH and FO 4990 SH were tested for flocculation of two microalgae models, the freshwater Chlorella vulgaris and the marine Nannochloropsis oculata. Both biomass concentration and AOM presence affected all polymers evaluated, whereas salinity and pH affected only Flopam and Tanfloc, respectively. A restabilization effect due to overdosing was only observed for Flopam polymers and increasing Tanfloc dose resulted in improved efficiency. Flopam polymers showed a significant decrease in the maximum quantum yield of photosystem II as function of polymer dose for Chlorella, which supported the need for toxicological studies to assess the potential toxicity of Flopam. In overall, Tanfloc was not affected by salinity nor presented potential toxicity therefore being recommended for the flocculation of both freshwater and marine species.

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