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Ecological water quality analysis of the Guayas river basin (Ecuador) based on macroinvertebrates indices
Damanik-Ambarita, M.N.; Lock, K.; Boets, P.; Everaert, G.; Nguyen, T.H.T.; Forio, M.A.E.; Musonge, P.L.S.; Suhareva, N.; Bennetsen, E.; Landuyt, D.; Dominguez-Granda, L.; Goethals, P.L.M. (2016). Ecological water quality analysis of the Guayas river basin (Ecuador) based on macroinvertebrates indices. Limnologica 57: 27-59. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.limno.2016.01.001
In: Limnologica. ELSEVIER GMBH, URBAN & FISCHER VERLAG: München. ISSN 0075-9511; e-ISSN 1873-5851, meer
Peer reviewed article  

Beschikbaar in  Auteurs 

Trefwoord
    Zoet water
Author keywords
    Ecological water quality Biological Monitoring Working Party-Colombia Neotropical Low-land Stream Multimetric Index Correspondence analysis Macroinvertebrates

Auteurs  Top 
  • Damanik-Ambarita, M.N., meer
  • Lock, K., meer
  • Boets, P., meer
  • Everaert, G., meer
  • Nguyen, T.H.T., meer
  • Forio, M.A.E., meer
  • Musonge, P.L.S., meer
  • Suhareva, N., meer
  • Bennetsen, E., meer
  • Landuyt, D., meer
  • Dominguez-Granda, L.
  • Goethals, P.L.M., meer

Abstract
    The Guayas river basin is one of the major watersheds in Ecuador, where increasing human activities are affecting water quality and related ecosystem services. The aims of this study were (1) to assess the ecological water quality based on macroinvertebrate indices and (2) to determine the major environmental variables affecting these macroinvertebrate indices. To do so, we performed an integrated water quality assessment at 120 locations within the river basin. Biological and physical–chemical data were collected to analyze the water quality. Two biotic indices were calculated to assess the water quality with an ecological approach: the Biological Monitoring Working Party Colombia (BMWP-Col) and the Neotropical Low-land Stream Multimetric Index (NLSMI). Both the BMWP-Col and NLSMI indicated good water quality at the (upstream) forested locations, lower water quality for sites situated at arable land and bad water quality at residential areas. Both indices gave relevant assessment outcomes and can be considered valuable for supporting the local water management. A correspondence analysis (CA) applied on both indices suggested that flow velocity, chlorophyll concentration, conductivity, land use, sludge layer and sediment type were the major environmental variables determining the ecological water quality. We also suggested that nutrient and pesticide measurements are important to study water quality in the area where intensive agriculture activities take place. The nutrient levels detected in agricultural areas were relatively low and illustrated that the types of crops and the current cultivation methods were not leading to eutrophication. The applied methods and results of this study can be used to support the future water management of the Guayas river basin and similar basins situated in the tropics.

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