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Copper uptake by Mytilus edulis in the presence of humic acids
Lorenzo, J.I.; Beiras, R.; Mubiana, V.K.; Blust, R. (2005). Copper uptake by Mytilus edulis in the presence of humic acids. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 24(4): 973-980. dx.doi.org/10.1897/04-216r.1
In: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. Setac Press: New York. ISSN 0730-7268; e-ISSN 1552-8618, meer
Peer reviewed article  

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Trefwoorden
    Mytilus edulis Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]
    Marien
Author keywords
    copper; humic acid; bioavailability; mussel

Auteurs  Top 
  • Lorenzo, J.I., meer
  • Beiras, R.
  • Mubiana, V.K., meer
  • Blust, R., meer

Abstract
    The effects of humic acids (HA) on Cu up take by the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis) were studied in chemically defined seawater. Short-term uptake by excised gills was studied and compared with whole-mussel Cu accumulation. Copper uptake in gills is not a saturable process within the time frame and concentration range tested, being a linear function of time (0–120 min) and Cu concentration (0–150 μg/L). For the whole mussel, Cu uptake is not linear with time (0–72 h) and Cu concentration (0–130 μg/L). The presence of HA (0–10 mg/L) clearly reduced Cu uptake by gills, but it did not have such an effect on whole-animal uptake. A simple complexation model obtained from voltammetric measurements was used to determine the noncomplexed (labile) fraction of Cu in the presence of HA to test the effect of speciation on Cu uptake. In most cases, Cu uptake by gills was better explained by labile Cu concentrations than by total Cu exposure concentrations, which is in agreement with the free-ion activity model. In whole-animal experiments, Cu uptake was not related to labile Cu concentrations in the presence of HA, indicating that Cu-HA complexes are at least partially available for uptake by the mussels.

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