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Growth, feeding, production, and consumption in 0-group bib (Trisopterus luscus L.) and whiting (Merlangius merlangus L.) in a shallow coastal area of the south-west Netherlands
Hamerlynck, O.; Hostens, K. (1993). Growth, feeding, production, and consumption in 0-group bib (Trisopterus luscus L.) and whiting (Merlangius merlangus L.) in a shallow coastal area of the south-west Netherlands. ICES J. Mar. Sci./J. Cons. int. Explor. Mer 50(1): 81-91. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1006/jmsc.1993.1009
In: ICES Journal of Marine Science. Academic Press: London. ISSN 1054-3139; e-ISSN 1095-9289, meer
Is gerelateerd aan:
Hamerlynck, O.; Hostens, K. (2003). Growth, feeding, production, and consumption in 0-group bib (Trisopterus luscus L.) and whiting (Merlangius merlangus L.) in a shallow coastal area of the south-west Netherlands, in: Hostens, K. The demersal fish and macro-invertebrate assemblages of the Westerschelde and Oosterschelde estuaries (Southern Bight of the North Sea) = De demersale vis- en macro-invertebraten gemeenschappen van de Westerschelde en Oosterschelde estuaria (Zuidelijke Bocht van de Noordzee). pp. 133-140, meer
Peer reviewed article  

Beschikbaar in  Auteurs 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 135445 [ OMA ]

Trefwoorden
    Aquatic organisms > Marine organisms > Fish > Marine fish
    Developmental stages > Juveniles
    Diets
    Feeding
    Food conversion
    Interspecific relationships > Predation
    Nursery grounds
    Population functions > Growth
    Merlangius merlangus (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; Trisopterus luscus (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]
    ANE, Nederland [Marine Regions]
    Marien

Auteurs  Top 
  • Hamerlynck, O., meer
  • Hostens, K., meer

Abstract
    In 1988 juvenile bib (Trisopterus luscus) and whiting (Merlangius merlangus) were studied in a shallow coastal area by monthly sampling with fine-meshed nets. 0-group fish of both species are first caught in May. By the end of the first growth season bib reached about 150mm SL (standard length), whiting about 170mm SL. Maximal densities were recorded in June and by the end of the year most fish had left the area. The instantaneous mortality is estimated at 0.008 day-1 (0.77% day-1 for bib and 0.76% day-1 for whiting) for both species. In May both species depended almost exclusively on calanoid copepods. In June and July mysids and amphipods were the most important invertebrate prey, but small fishes such as gobies provided a substantial proportion of the energy requirements, especially in whiting. From August onwards shrimp and fish dominated the diet in both species. Using Jones' (1974) model, food consumption as per cent body weight day-1 varied between 4 and 6% during summer and declined to 2 to 3% in autumn. Total consumption per unit area of subtidal seafloor, by the 0-group fish of both species taken together, was estimated at 0.47 g ash-free dry weight (ADW) m-2 year-2 using Jones' (1974) model and at 0.57 g ADW m-2 year-1 using a conversion efficiency (P:C ratio) of 0.34.

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