IMIS | Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee

Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee

Platform voor marien onderzoek


Publicaties | Instituten | Personen | Datasets | Projecten | Kaarten
[ meld een fout in dit record ]mandje (1): toevoegen | toon Print deze pagina

one publication added to basket [257087]
Sources of salinity and urban pollution in the Quaternary sand aquifers of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Walraevens, K.; Mjemah, I.; Mtoni, Y.; Van Camp, M. (2015). Sources of salinity and urban pollution in the Quaternary sand aquifers of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. J. Afr. Earth Sci. 102: 149-165.
In: Journal of African Earth Sciences. Elsevier: Oxford & Amsterdam. ISSN 1464-343X; e-ISSN 1879-1956, meer
Peer reviewed article  

Beschikbaar in  Auteurs 

Author keywords
    Quaternary aquifer; Hydrogeochemical processes; Geogenic salinity;Seawater intrusion; Pollution; Nitrate

Auteurs  Top 
  • Walraevens, K., meer
  • Mjemah, I.
  • Mtoni, Y.
  • Van Camp, M., meer

    Groundwater is globally important for human consumption, and changes in quality can have serious consequences. The study area is within a coastal aquifer where groundwater quality is influenced by various potential sources of salinity that determine the composition of water extracted from wells. Groundwater chemistry data from the aquifer have been acquired to determine the geochemical conditions and processes that occur in this area and assess their implications for aquifer susceptibility. Analysis of groundwater samples shows that the dominant watertype is mostly NaCl with pH < 7 in both aquifers (i.e. upper and lower) except for the shallow wells where CaHCO3 prevails with pH ? 7, and boreholes located near the Indian Ocean, where coral reef limestone deposits are located and the watertype evolves towards CaHCO3. In the lower aquifer, Cl- is higher than in the upper aquifer. The origin of salinity in the area is strongly influenced by groundwater ascending from deep marine Miocene Spatangid Shales through faults, seawater incursion on the border of the Indian Ocean, and throughout, there is some salinity within the Quaternary aquifer, especially in intercalated deltaic clays in the fluviatile deposits, showing some marine influences. The seawater intrusion is linked to the strongly increasing groundwater exploitation since 1997. Another process that plays a major role to the concentration of major ions in the groundwater is calcite dissolution. Next to geogenic salinity and seawater intrusion, anthropogenic pollution as well is affecting groundwater quality in the aquifer. An important result of this study is the observation of high nitrate concentrations, that call for improved sanitation in the area, where domestic sewage with on-site sanitation (mainly pit latrines) also threatens the groundwater resource.

Alle informatie in het Integrated Marine Information System (IMIS) valt onder het VLIZ Privacy beleid Top | Auteurs