IMIS | Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee
 

Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee

Platform voor marien onderzoek

IMIS

Publicaties | Instituten | Personen | Datasets | Projecten | Kaarten
[ meld een fout in dit record ]mandje (0): toevoegen | toon Print deze pagina

Temperature-induced changes in fatty acid dynamics of the intertidal grazer Platychelipus littoralis (Crustacea, Copepoda, Harpacticoida): insights from a short-term feeding experiment
Werbrouck, E.; Van Gansbeke, D.; Vanreusel, A.; Mensens, C.; De Troch, M. (2016). Temperature-induced changes in fatty acid dynamics of the intertidal grazer Platychelipus littoralis (Crustacea, Copepoda, Harpacticoida): insights from a short-term feeding experiment. J. Therm. Biol. 57: 44-53. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.jtherbio.2016.02.002
In: Journal of Thermal Biology. Elsevier: Oxford; New York. ISSN 0306-4565, meer
Peer reviewed article  

Beschikbaar in  Auteurs 

Trefwoorden
    Benthos; Marien; Platychelipus littoralis Brady, 1880 [WoRMS]; Marien
Author keywords
    Biochemical ecology; Storage lipids; Thermal acclimation; Diatom

Auteurs  Top 
  • Werbrouck, E., meer
  • Van Gansbeke, D., meer
  • Vanreusel, A., meer

Abstract
    Dietary lipids, and in particular the essential fatty acids (EFA), EPA (20:5?3) and DHA (22:6?3), guarantee the well-being of animals and are recognized for their potential bottom-up control on animal populations. They are introduced in marine ecosystems through primary producers and when grazed upon, they are consumed, incorporated or modified by first-level consumers. As the availability of EFA in the ecosystem is affected by ambient temperature, the predicted rise in ocean temperature might alter the availability of these EFA at the basis of marine food webs. Despite the FA bioconversion capacity of certain benthic copepod species, their lipid (FA) response to varying temperatures is understudied. Therefore, the temperate, intertidal copepod Platychelipus littoralis was offered a mono and mixed diatom diet at 4, 15 °C (normal range) and at 24 °C (elevated temperature) to investigate the combined effects of temperature and resource availability on its FA content and composition. P. littoralis showed a flexible thermal acclimation response. Cold exposure increased the degree of FA unsaturation and the EPA%, and induced a shift towards shorter chain FA in the copepod’s membranes. Furthermore, a mixed diet reduced the impact of heat stress on the copepod’s membrane FA composition. Temperature affected the trophic transfer of EPA and DHA differently. While dietary resources could fully compensate for the temperature effects on total lipid and EPA content in the copepods, no such counterweigh was observed for the DHA dynamics. Heat stress lowered the DHA concentration in copepods regardless of the resources available and this implies negative effects for higher trophic levels.

Alle informatie in het Integrated Marine Information System (IMIS) valt onder het VLIZ Privacy beleid Top | Auteurs