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Comparative phylogeography of three trematomid fishes reveals contrasting genetic structure patterns in benthic and pelagic species
Van de Putte, A.; Janko, K.; Kasparova, E.; Maes, G.E.; Rock, J.; Koubbi, P.; Volckaert, F.A.M.; Choleva, L.; Fraser, K.P.P.; Smykla, J.; Van Houdt, J.K.J.; Marshall, C. (2012). Comparative phylogeography of three trematomid fishes reveals contrasting genetic structure patterns in benthic and pelagic species. Marine Genomics 8: 23-34. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.margen.2012.05.002
In: Marine Genomics. Elsevier: Amsterdam. ISSN 1874-7787; e-ISSN 1876-7478, meer
Peer reviewed article  

Beschikbaar in  Auteurs 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 248685 [ OMA ]

Trefwoorden
    Notothenioidei [WoRMS]
    Marien
Author keywords
    Microsatellite markers; Mitochondrial; Larval duration; Glaciations; Notothenioidei; Life history

Auteurs  Top 
  • Van de Putte, A., meer
  • Janko, K.
  • Kasparova, E.
  • Maes, G.E., meer
  • Rock, J.
  • Koubbi, P., meer
  • Volckaert, F.A.M., meer
  • Choleva, L.
  • Fraser, K.P.P.
  • Smykla, J.
  • Van Houdt, J.K.J., meer
  • Marshall, C.

Abstract
    Population genetics patterns of marine fish in general and of Southern Ocean fish in particular range from virtual panmixia over ocean-wide scale to deeply fragmented populations. However the causes underlying these different patterns are not properly understood. In this paper, we tested the hypotheses that population connectivity is positively related to a combination of life history traits, namely duration of pelagic larval period and the tendency towards pelagic life style in the adulthood. To do so, we analysed the variability of six microsatellite and one mitochondrial marker (cytochrome b) in three Southern Ocean fish species (Trematomus newnesi, Trematomus hansoni and Trematomus bernacchii). They share a recent common ancestor but notably differ in their duration of pelagic larval period as well as pelagic versus benthic lifestyle. We sampled over a range of more than 5000 km for all three species and used a number of population genetics tools to investigate past and contemporary levels of connectivity. All species experienced population fluctuations, but coalescent simulations suggested that contemporary populations are in migration-drift equilibrium. Although global FST values were rather low, a significant population structure separated the High-Antarctic from the Peninsular regions in all species. The level of genetic differentiation was much lower in the pelagic versus benthic species. Present data suggest that past and present genetic structuring in the Southern Ocean are indeed related with the ecological traits of Antarctic fish, however the relative importance of individual factors remains unclear.

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