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The stratigraphic position of a Pliocene tidal clay deposit at Grobbendonk (Antwerp province, Belgium)
Vandenberghe, N.; Herman, J.; Laga, P.; Louwye, S.; De Schepper, S.; Vandenberghe, J.; Bohncke, S.; Konert, M. (2000). The stratigraphic position of a Pliocene tidal clay deposit at Grobbendonk (Antwerp province, Belgium). Geol. Belg. 3(3-4): 405-417
In: Geologica Belgica. Geologica Belgica: Brussels . ISSN 1374-8505; e-ISSN 2034-1954, meer
Peer reviewed article  

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Trefwoorden
    Geological time > Phanerozoic > Geological time > Cenozoic > Tertiary > Cenozoic > Neogene > Pliocene
    Chondrichthyes; Dinoflagellata [WoRMS]; Mollusca [WoRMS]; Osteichthyes [WoRMS]
    Belgium, Grobbendonck
    Marien

Auteurs  Top 
  • Vandenberghe, N., meer
  • Herman, J.
  • Laga, P.
  • Louwye, S., meer
  • De Schepper, S., meer
  • Vandenberghe, J.
  • Bohncke, S.
  • Konert, M.

Abstract
    In a section located in Grobbendonk (Antwerp Campine area, Belgium) a tidal clay deposit is described which according to regional analysis could correlate with the Kruisschans Member of the Pliocene Lillo Formation. Mollusc and fish fossils point to a colder climate during the deposition of the Kruisschans Sand. A pollen analysis of the Grobbendonk clay shows that it was formed during a cold climate, either during the Pretiglian or during the Pliocene. The latter possibility is preferred because of the regional stratigraphie analysis and the absence of marine Pretiglian in the area. A dinoflagellate study of the Grobbendonk clay compares the stratigraphie position of the clay to the Waltonian, Pre-Ludhamian, Ludhamian regional stages of the U.K. Because of the cold climate during the deposition a Pre-Ludhamian formation time is preferred. This Pre-Ludhamian in the U.K. is correlated with the Reuver C or with the Praetiglian regional stages in the Netherlands.

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