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Spatial variability of epifaunal communities from artificial habitat: shipwrecks in the Southern Bight of the North Sea
Zintzen, V.; Norro, A.; Massin, C.; Mallefet, J. (2008). Spatial variability of epifaunal communities from artificial habitat: shipwrecks in the Southern Bight of the North Sea. Est., Coast. and Shelf Sci. 76(2): 327-344. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2007.07.012
In: Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. Academic Press: London; New York. ISSN 0272-7714; e-ISSN 1096-0015, meer
Is gerelateerd aan:
Zintzen, V.; Norro, A.; Massin, C.; Mallefet, J. (2007). Spatial variability of epifaunal communities from artificial habitat: shipwrecks in the Southern Bight of the North Sea, in: Zintzen, V. Biodiversity of shipwrecks from the Southern Bight of the North Sea. pp. 185-228, meer
Peer reviewed article  

Beschikbaar in  Auteurs 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 136162 [ OMA ]

Trefwoorden
    Biomassa; Onderwaterhabitats; Wrakken; Metridium senile (Linnaeus, 1761) [WoRMS]; Metridium senile (Linnaeus, 1761) [WoRMS]; Tubularia Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]; ANE, Noordzee, Zuidelijke Bocht [Marine Regions]; Marien
Author keywords
    artificial substrata; epizoites; population density; biomass; Tubularia; Metridium senile; North Sea

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Abstract
    We investigated the cover, community structure and abiotic environment of nine shipwrecks lying at increasing distance from the Belgian coast. Results indicated that all shipwrecks were strongly dominated by cnidarians in terms of biomass and by amphipods in terms of abundances. Based on their epifaunal composition, three groups of shipwrecks could be determined. Metridium senile dominated a species poor community of the coastal sites. On the same sites, a Tubularia larynx community with a more species-rich assemblage was also developing. The T. larynx community had a lower biomass value (102 g AFDW m-2) and significantly lower species richness compared to the other sites. The coastal sites were characterized by periodic salinity decreases, large seasonal temperature fluctuation, high total suspended matter load and reduced current velocity. Channel water masses influence the offshore sites causing a more stable temperature and salinity environment, less turbid waters and high current speed. Tubularia indivisa dominated this community, with an average biomass of 229 g AFDW m-2. Intermediate sites were also dominated by T. indivisa, but a higher biomass (424 g AFDW m-2) was observed. They showed intermediate results for the abiotic parameters and fast current velocities. Hypotheses for the observed variation in community structures are discussed in the light of the abiotic characterization of the shipwrecks.

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